Wallowa Lake, Prayer Beads, OLD CHIEF JOSEPH CEMETERY. . .

"Born between 1785 and 1790. tiwí-teqis came to be the principal leader
of the Wallowa Nez Perce. In 1830 he was baptized and christened "Joseph,"
a name he carried for the rest of his life, despite later renouncing Christianity.
He died in 1871 at the traditional summer camp near the confluence of the
Wallowa and Lostine Rivers. The leadership of the band passed to
hinmató-wyalahtqit, Young Joseph.

Old Joseph was a key player in the 1855 treaty negotiations. In 1863 he
refused to sign the "Steal Treaty" which reduced the 1855 reservation by 90%
and ceded all of the Wallowa country to the United States.

After his original grave near the present town of Wallowa was robbed twice,
Old Chief Joseph was reburied at this cemetery on September 26th, 1926."
[ text reproduced from Forest Service marker . . . ]

On the road in the American Northwest.

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Photograph by Cliff Crego © 2007 picture-poems.com
(created: XI.19.2007)